Assume that we have currency A, B, C, D, E, F, G, and a universal currency U. You will read the… 1 answer below »

In this homework, you are required to use polymorphism to design classes and implement a currency converter.
Assume that we have currency A, B, C, D, E, F, G, and a universal currency U. You will read the exchange rates from std::cin. Example of the input format is shown below.
1U = 1.2A
1U = 2.3B
1U = 3.4C
1U = 4.5D
1U = 5.6E
1U = 6.7F
1U = 7.8G
exchange rate between A and B can be calculated using the following equation
A2B = A2U * U2B
where A2B , A2U , and U2B are the exchange rates between A and B, A and U, and U and B, respectively.
A2B = U2B / U2A
Your goal is to output the exchange rates between any two currencies in A-G. Output format is listed below with two decimals' precision.
1A = 1.92B
1A = 2.83C
1A = 3.75D
1A = 4.67E
1A = 5.58F
1A = 6.50G
1B = 0.52A
1B = 1.48C
1B = 1.96D
1B = 2.43E
1B = 2.91F
1B = 3.39G
1C = 0.35A
1C = 0.68B
1C = 1.32D
1C = 1.65E
1C = 1.97F
1C = 2.29G
1D = 0.27A
1D = 0.51B
1D = 0.76C
1D = 1.24E
1D = 1.49F
1D = 1.73G
1E = 0.21A
1E = 0.41B
1E = 0.61C
1E = 0.80D
1E = 1.20F
1E = 1.39G
1F = 0.18A
1F = 0.34B
1F = 0.51C
1F = 0.67D
1F = 0.84E
1F = 1.16G
1G = 0.15A
1G = 0.29B
1G = 0.44C
1G = 0.58D
1G = 0.72E
1G = 0.86F
Polymorphism refers to determining which program behavior to execute depending on data types. Function overloading is a form of compile-time polymorphism wherein the compiler determines which of several identically-named functions to call based on the function's arguments. Another form is run-time polymorphism (or the so-called late-binding) wherein the compiler cannot make the determination but instead the determination is made while the program is running.
For this homework, you are required to create a class converter that implements polymorphism, and its derived classes. The class Converter provides a default exchange rate, while the derived Converter provides a specific rate. Therefore, the base class pointer will produce different exchange rates when it points to different derived Converter objects.
The class converter must include:
• a protected double attribute exchange_rate (set to 1.0 as default)
• a default constructor
• a function GetExchangeRate with no parameters that returns the exchange rate
• a function GetExchangeRate that takes as input two strings (or characters) and returns the exchange_rate value from the first to the second. For example, if a conversion rate is 1U = 1.2A, the function will return 1.2 when the input is ("U","A"), and 0.83 (1/1.2) when the input is ("A","U")
• a function SetExchangeRate which sets the exchange_rate value to a new value
For each currency, you will need to create a "specialized" converter, which will look like the one in this example
class ConverterU_A : public Converter {

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