# “Experiment 8: Identification of a Petroleum Hydrocarbon Boiling Point, Refractive Index “1.

“Experiment 8: Identification of a Petroleum Hydrocarbon Boiling Point, Refractive Index”1. The following properties were measured for an unknown hydrocarbon in a laboratory with an ambient temperature of 28degrees celcius and a barcometric pressure of 28.9 inches of mercury (1 inch Hg=25.4 torr):Boiling point: 78.2 degrees CelciusRefractive Index: 1.3780mass of 0.200 mL: 0.133 gcorrect the refractive index and boiling point to 20 degrees celcius and 1 atmosphere and calculate the density of the unknown. If the unknown is one of the hydrocarbons listed in Table 8.2 what is its probable identity?2. Give names and structural formulas for all structural (constitutional) isomers of your unknown hydrocarbon. (MY UNKNOWN: methylcyclohexane)3. Describe and explain the possible effect on your results of the following experimental errors or variations. In each case, tell whether the resulting physical property (bp, density, or refractive index) will be too high or too low. a. you read the temperature when the unknown liquid began to boil and recorded that temperature as its boiling point.b. to obtain 1.00 mL of the liquid for the density measurement, you filled a Mohr pipet to the 1-mL mark and drained it completely into the weighting vival.c. The liquid was at a temperature of 25 degrees celcius when you measured its mass and volumed. The liquid was at a temperature of 25 degrees celcius when you measured its refractive index, but you forgot to correct it. “My data: Unknown bp: 90 degrees Celsius d^20=0.7198 g/mL matches…methylcyclohexane: bp: 101 degrees Celsius d^20=0.769”